Abirabura basabye impozamarira z’ubucakara abakurambere babo bakoreshejwe muri amerika

Nibura 77 % by’abirabura bo muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika bagaragaje ko bashaka impozamarira y’ubucakara abakurambere babo bakoreshejwe ubwo bajyanwaga muri Amerika bakuwe muri Afurika.

Ubugenzuzi bwakozwe n’ikigo cy’ubushakashatsi Pew Research Center, bugaragaza ko nubwo benshi bifuza iyo mpozamarira babizi neza ko bigoye kuzibona.

Abantu icyenda mu icumi babajijwe, bavuze ko bifuza ko ikibazo cyagezwa no mu nkiko cyangwa se ubundi buryo bwose bw’ubutabera.

Ikinyamakuru Harper’s Magazine cyigeze kugaragaza ko gishingiye ku bucakara bwakorewe Abirabura muri Amerika guhera mu 1619 kugeza mu 1787, hatanzwe indishyi zaba zingana na miliyari ibihumbi 97 z’Amadolari.

Ubucakara bugezweho bukomeje gukurana ingoga no kuba imbogamizi ikomeye, bitijwe umurindi n’amakimbirane akongezwa n’umubare munini w’abatunze imbunda, imihindagurikire y’ikirere ndetse n’ibyorezo, nk’uko bigaragazwa na raporo y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye.

Imibare y’Umuryango Mpuzamahanga wita ku murimo (ILO), yerekana ko nibura abagera kuri miliyoni 50 cyangwa umuntu umwe mu bantu 150 bariho, aba akoreshwa imirimo y’agahato cyangwa akaba yarinjiye mu by’urushako abisunikiwemo, atari ibimuvuye ku mutima.

Uyu muryango ukomeza uvuga ko ibintu birushaho kuba bibi kandi bihangayikishije, ku buryo mu myaka itanu ishize abagera hafi kuri miliyoni 10 bamaze gushorwa mu bikorwa by’ubucakara.

Umuyobozi mukuru wa ILO, Guy Ryder agira ati: “Nta kintu nk’impamvu cyasobanura uku kwiyongera kw’ibikorwa bikandamiza uburenganzira bwa muntu”.

Yakomeje avuga ko umuntu wese azi igikwiye gukorwa, uhereye ku bigo by’ubucuruzi, imiryango ishinzwe n’iharanira uburenganzira bw’abakozi, sosiyete sivile n’abantu basanzwe, bose bashobora gutanga umusanzu no kugira uruhare rukomeye mu gutuma iki kibazo kivugutirwa umuti.

ILO ishimangira ko ikibazo cyo gukoreshwa imirimo y’ubucakara kitugarije gusa abo mu bihugu bikennye, ahubwo cyageze no mu Burengerazuba bw’Isi.

Uyu muryango uvuga ko abarenga kimwe cya kabiri bakoreshwa imirimo y’agahato ari ababarizwa mu bihugu bitunze cyane, ibikize ndetse n’ibifite umusaruro mbumbe uri hejuru.

Uretse kuba abantu bakoreshwa imirimo y’agahato, abahatirwa gushaka abagabo cyangwa abagore runaka batujuje imyaka y’ubukure cyangwa se bakabikorerwa bidaturutse ku bushake bwabo, nabo bafatwa nk’abakoreshwa ubu bucakara bugezweho, butandukanye n’ubwahozeho mu myaka yo hambere.

Abakoresha abandi iyi mirimo y’ubucakara bitwaza ububasha n’ubushobozi baba bafite, bigatuma bahohotera abantu mu buryo bukomeye ku buryo bigira ingaruka z’igihe kirekire ku buzima.

BBC itangaza ko hirya no hino ku Isi, abantu bagera kuri miliyoni 27,6 bakoreshwa imirimo y’agahato.

Muri bo, abagera kuri miliyoni 3,3 ni abataruzuza imyaka y’ubukure ndetse ugasanga abarenga kimwe cya kabiri muri abo bana bakoreshwa ibikorwa by’ubusambanyi hagamijwe kubacuruza.

Abandi bagera kuri miliyoni 22, ni abantu bategekwa gushaka abagabo cyangwa abagore ku gahato. Aba biganjemo abagore kuko umubare wabo ugera kuri bibiri bya gatatu, kandi benshi muri bo babikoreshwa bakiri munsi y’imyaka 15.

Iyi raporo ihamagarira buri wese gukora iyo bwabaga, ibikorwa bishora abana mu gisirikare, ibituma abantu barahindutse abimukira biturutse ku mihindagurikire y’ikirere byose bigahagarara, kuko bishyira benshi mu byago.

Abatuye isi kandi basabwa kuzirikana ko ibintu bidakwiye guhera gusa mu magambo, ahubwo imbaraga zikajya mu bikorwa.

Ukwiyongera kw’abakoreshwa ubucakara muri iki gihe kwiganje mu nzego z’abikorera, aho hari n’abakorerwa ihohoterwa rishingiye ku gitsina.

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About Kwizera Yamini

I only talk when i feel my words are better than my silence. sometimes it may hurt or irritate but i like my Silence

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